Other Useful Brown Stocks

These stocks are very useful when you want to enhance the flavor of the dish you are creating. They all follow the base for Brown Veal Stock.

Brown Lamb Stock: The veal bones and trim are replaced by an equal amount of lamb trim and bones. Mint stems, cumin seeds, or rosemary can be added to the standard sachet d’épices; one or more of these herbs should be added.

Brown Game Stock: The veal bones and trim are replaced by and equal amount of game bones and trim. Depending on the dish I am making I will add rosemary, thyme, oregano, or garlic cloves in the sachet d’épices. Remember… With wild game, just think rustic, woody taste.

Brown Pork Stock: The veal bones and trim are replaced by an equal amount of fresh or smoked pork trim and bones. Oregano stems or crushed red pepper can be added to the sachet d’épices. **If using smoked pork bones and trim here is a list of woods to use:

  • Alder
  • Oak
  • Apple
  • Cherry
  • Almond
  • Pear

The woods listed above also go well with beef, game meats (rabbit, venison, alligator, etc..), lamb, poultry and water fowl. Oak, Almond, Apple are good woods for seafood too. Be cautioned that with certain species of trees such as, Maple, Mesquite, Hickory/Pecan  tend to give the food that more of that American BBQ flavor. Pecan is from the same family as hickory, however, it does produce a slightly different taste when it is used to cook or smoke with.

Hickory:

  1. Beef
  2. Chicken
  3. Pork
  4. Lamb
  5. Mildly flavored game meat (rabbit, etc…)
  6. Seafood steaks (Swordfish, shark, tuna steaks)

 Pecan (does not go as well with game meat as hickory does):

  1. Beef
  2. Chicken
  3. Lamb
  4. Pork
  5. Duck

Maple:

  1. Pork
  2. Chicken
  3. Duck
  4. Lamb
  5. Venison

Mesquite:

  1. Chicken
  2. Duck
  3. Rabbit
  4. Pork
  5. Lamb
  6. Venison

 

*Please remember that not every type of tree can be used for cooking. Some give off toxic fumes when burned or will leave your food tasting like the contents of the entrails of the animal you slaughter…Not a good idea! There are great woods out there for cooking and some just for survival, we’ll stay away from the latter.

Chicken Stock

Chicken Stock:

  • 8 lbs chicken bones
  • 1 sachet d’épices
  • 2 tsp salt (I use coarse sea salt)
  • 1 lb mirepoix (8 oz onion, 4 oz carrot, 4 oz celery), medium-dice
  • 1 gallon cold water

Directions:

  1. Heat a stockpot over medium high heat, then add mireproix.
  2. After rinsing bones under cool running water, place them in a stockpot.
  3. Add cold water and salt, then slowly bring the stock to a simmer and depouillage (skim surface) when needed. *the water should cover approx. 2 inches of the bones.
  4. Simmer the stock for 4 to 6 hours, tasting periodically and depouillage as necessary.
  5. Finally, Strain the stock. It can be used now or stored for later use, but if it stored it needs to be rapidly cooled.

**Safe methods for cooling:

  1. Ice-water bath – easy and commonly used method. Divide food into smaller containers, then place containers in a sink or large pot filled with ice water, stirring the stock to cool more evenly and faster.
  2. Ice paddle – Plastic ice paddles are a great and easy way to cool stock. They can be filled with ice or filled with water and then frozen, if you have a big enough freezer.

These methods can be combined for even faster cooling.

 

Brown Chicken Stock

Brown Chicken Stock:

  • 8 lbs chicken bones and trim  (Beware that many larger chain grocery stores will not sell chicken bones, but most butcher shops will sell them to you.)
  • 1 Sachet d’Épices
  • 1 gallon + 64 oz cold water
  • 6 oz tomato paste
  • 1 lb Mirepoix (approx. 8 oz onion, 4 oz carrot, 4 oz celery), large-dice
  • 2 tsp Salt (I use coarse sea salt)
  • 2 fl oz vegetable oil or as needed

Preheat oven to 425°F

  1. Coat the roasting pan with a light film of oil and heat in 425°F oven. Add bones to pan then return pan to oven. Roast the bones, turning periodically, until they are a deep brown. Roast bones for 30 to 4 minutes.
  2. Once the bones are roasted, transfer them to a large stockpot and add 1 cup of cold water and the salt. The roasting pan needs to be deglazed by adding 1 cup of water, then add the dripping from the pan to the stockpot. Bring the stock to a simmer over low heat. Depouillage as needed. (skimming the impurities from the surface).
  3. Heat a medium-size pan (rondeau, wide and fairly shallow pan with two handles) over med. high, add a small amount of oil, just enough to provide a light film on the bottom of the pan. Add the mirepoix, stirring occasionally. The onions should turn a deep golden brown (the process known as caramelization); This takes about 15 minutes. Add the tomato paste and stir often, continuing to cook the mirepoix, about 1 -2 minutes; It will have a sweet aroma and begin to take on a rusty brown color. Then add 3-4 ladles full of stock to the mirepoix and stir. This mixture needs to simmer about 5 hours, then it can be add to the stock. You will also need to add the sachet d’Épices to the stock when you add the mixture.
  4. The stock needs to continue to cook while the mirepoix mixture is simmering. Be sure to depouillage as needed. Also you will need to taste the stock periodically. At this stage the stock will cook for about 1 more hour. (This step is completed after the mirepoix mixture has been added.)
  5. Finally, Strain the stock. It can be used now or stored for later use, but if it it stored it needs to be rapidly cooled.

**Safe methods for cooling:

  1. Ice-water bath – easy and commonly used method. Divide food into smaller containers, then place containers in a sink or large pot filled with ice water, stirring the stock to cool more evenly and faster.
  2. Ice paddle – Plastic ice paddles are a great and easy way to cool stock. They can be filled with ice or filled with water and then frozen, if you have a big enough freezer.

These methods can be combined for even faster cooling.