Conversions, Weights and Measurements

Measurement conversions are always handy to have posted in your kitchen. Below is a detailed chart of weight, volume, and temperature measurements and equivalents.

Weight Measure Conversions:                          

1/4 ounce = 7 grams

1 ounce = 28.35 grams

8 ounces (1/2 pound) = 226.8 grams

40 ounces (2 1/4 pounds) = 1.134 kilograms

Volume Measure Conversion:

1 teaspoon = 4.93 milliliters

1 teaspoon = 4.93 milliliters

1 tablespoon = 14.79 milliliters

1 fluid ounce (2 tablespoons) = 29.58 milliliters

2 fluid ounces (1/4 cup) = 59 milliliters

8 fluid ounces (1 cup) = 236.64 milliliters

32 fluid ounces (1 quart) = 946.56 milliliters (0.95 liter)

128 fluid ounces (1 gallon) = 3.79 liters

 

Temperature Conversions:

Degrees Fahrenheit ( °F )          Degrees Celsius ( °C )

32°                                                  0°

40°                                                  4°

140°                                                60°

160°                                                71°

170°                                                77°

212°                                                100°

300°                                               149°

325°                                               163°

350°                                                177°

375°                                                191°

400°                                                204°

425°                                                218°

450°                                                232°

475°                                                246°

500°                                               260°

*Please note that the Celsius temperatures have been rounded.

Commonly Used Unit Conversions:                   

1 pound = 16 ounces

1 gallon = 4 quarts = 128 fl oz

1 quart = 2 pints = 32 fl oz

1 pint = 2 cups = 16 fl oz

1 cup = 16 tbsp = 8 fl oz

1 tablespoon = 3 teaspoons = 1/2 fl oz

Weights and Measures Equivalents:

Dash = less than 1/8 teaspoon

3 teaspoons = 1 tablespoon

2 tablespoons = 1/8 cup

5 1/3 tablespoons = 1/3 cup = 2 2/3 fl oz

8 tablespoons = 1/2 cup = 4 fl oz

10 2/3 tablespoons = 2/3 cup = 5 1/3 fl oz

12 tablespoons = 3/4 cup = 6 fl oz

14 tablespoons = 7/8 cup = 7 fl o

1 pint = 480 milliliters

1 quart = approx. 1 liter

1 gallon = 3.75 liters

2.2 pounds = 1 kilogram


1 Gallon Liquid Measure Equivalents:

1 gallon = 4 quarts = 8 pints = 16 cups = 128 fluid ounces

1/2 gallon = 2 quarts = 4 pints = 8 cups = 64 fluid ounces

1/4 gallon = 1 quart = 2 pints = 4 cups = 32 fluid ounces

1/8 gallon = 1/2 quart = 1 pint = 2 cups = 16 fluid ounces

1/16 gallon = 1/4 quart = 1/2 pint = 1 cup = 8 fluid ounces

1 Cup Dry Measure Equivalents:

1 cup = 16 tablespoons = 48 teaspoons = 229 grams

3/4 cup = 12 tablespoons = 36 teaspoons = 171 grams

2/3 cup = 10 2/3 tablespoons = 32 teaspoons = 152 grams

1/2 cup = 8 tablespoons = 24 teaspoons = 114 grams

1/3 cup = 5 1/3 tablespoons = 16 teaspoons = 76 grams

1/4 cup = 4 tablespoons = 12 teaspoons = 57 grams

1/8 cup = 2 tablespoons = 6 teaspoons = 29 grams

1/16 cup = 1 tablespoon = 3 teaspoons = 14 grams


Emergency Substitutions:

1 tablespoon cornstarch = 2 tablespoons all-purpose flour

1 cup butter = 7/8 cup vegetable oil + 1/2 teaspoon salt

1 cup white sugar = 1 cup packed light brown sugar  or  2 cups sifted powdered sugar

1 garlic clove = 1/8 teaspoon garlic powder

1 teaspoon lemon juice = 1/2 teaspoon vinegar

1 cup oil = 1/2 pound unsalted butter

*Remember that these are only to be used in an emergency, it is not recommended to use as a replacement ingredient; If you have the actual ingredient, use it.

Commonly Used Abbreviations:

Term Abbreviation
Gallon gal
Quart qt
Pint pt
Cup c.
Fluid Ounce fl oz
Milliliter ml
Liter L
Tablespoon tbsp
Teaspoon tsp
Pound lb
Ounce oz
Gram g
Kilogram kg